Kosciusko is a city in Attala County, Mississippi, United States, and is the birthplace of James Meredith and Oprah Winfrey. The population was 7,402 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Attala County.
Kosciusko first developed along the historic Natchez Trace used by generations of Native Americans and later European settlers. The modern Natchez Trace Parkway also passes through the city, which is located northeast of the state capital of Jackson.
Throughout the 19th century, cotton was the predominant crop. It remains important in the area.
Kosciusko was the home of Magnolia Bible College from 1976 to 2008. It is the birthplace of civil rights activist James Meredith and TV series host and cultural leader Oprah Winfrey.
Kosciusko has hosted the Central Mississippi Fair for over 100 years.
Kosciusko is named for General Tadeusz Kościuszko, a Polish-Lithuanian officer who served with the Continental Army and assisted its military efforts during the American Revolution, whose name has been anglicized as 'Kosciusko'. The settlement was originally named Red Bud Springs for one of three natural springs that were present in the city.
Kosciusko is located at 33°3′29″N 89°35′18″W (33.058108, -89.588301), along the Yockanookany River. It is northeast of Jackson and southwest of Starkville.