Lorain is a city in Lorain County, Ohio, United States. The municipality is located in northeastern Ohio on Lake Erie, at the mouth of the Black River, approximately 30 miles west of Cleveland. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 64,097, making it Ohio's tenth largest city, the third largest in Greater Cleveland, and the largest in Lorain County by population.
(Per official local-government records) the City began as an unincorporated village established pre-1834 as “Black River Village”, but in 1837 (also per local-government records) the name was officially changed in 1837 to ‘Charleston’, (however, according to 19th-century historians, the name ‘Charleston’ was almost immediately rejected by its own citizens, who continued to utilize the former name, Black River Village until 1873). It was subsequently incorporated as a village under the name Lorain in 1874 and became a City in 1896. The first mayor of the City of Lorain is credited as Conrad Reid, beginning his term on April 6, 1874. The municipal boundaries incorporated the majority of the former Black River Township judicial boundaries, and portions of the Sheffield Township, Amherst Township, and Brownhelm Township judicial borders.
The 1924 Lorain–Sandusky tornado hit the city on Saturday, June 28, 1924. The tornado formed over the Sandusky Bay during the late afternoon hours and hit Sandusky, where it killed eight people and destroyed 100 homes and 25 businesses. After moving east over Lake Erie for several miles, the tornado then struck Lorain, killing 72.