Madison is a city in and the county seat of Madison County, Nebraska, United States. The population was 2,438 at the 2010 census.
Madison was founded in 1867. It was named from Madison County. Madison was designated county seat in 1875.
Madison is located at 41°49′39″N 97°27′25″W (41.827527, -97.456875), just west of the junction of U.S. Route 81 and Nebraska Highway 32.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.15 square miles (2.98 km2), all land.
Madison lies at an elevation of 1580 ft (482 m) above sea level.
Madison is part of the Norfolk, Nebraska Micropolitan Statistical Area.
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,438 people, 760 households, and 550 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,120.0 inhabitants per square mile (818.5/km2). There were 818 housing units at an average density of 711.3 per square mile (274.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 65.3% White, 1.0% African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 30.3% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 48.8% of the population.