Pataskala is a city in Licking County, Ohio, United States approximately 17 mi (28 km) east of Columbus. The population was 14,962 at the 2010 census. Pataskala was a small community until 1996, when what was then the village of Pataskala merged with Lima Township, vastly increasing its population and geographic area.
Pataskala was laid out in 1851 when the railroad was extended to that point. Pataskala is a name derived from the Delaware language. A post office has been in operation at Pataskala since 1852.
Pataskala is located at 39°59′52″N 82°41′51″W (39.997890, -82.697411), along the South Fork of the Licking River in Southwestern Licking County. Pataskala is also the home of two school districts, Southwest Licking Local Schools and Licking Heights Local Schools. The Licking Heights district also serves parts of Reynoldsburg, and Jefferson Township as well as the city of Blacklick.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 28.72 square miles (74.38 km2), of which 28.62 square miles (74.13 km2) is land and 0.10 square miles (0.26 km2) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 14,962 people, 5,588 households, and 4,132 families living in the city. The population density was 522.8 inhabitants per square mile (201.9/km2).