Poland is a village about 7 miles (11 km) southeast of Youngstown in Mahoning County, Ohio, United States. The population was 2,555 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area.
In 1796, Poland Township was the first charted township in the Connecticut Western Reserve, being the southeasternmost portion (Township 1, Range 1). The township was founded by Jonathan Fowler, who fell in love with Yellow Creek which flows through Poland. He owned an inn near the river which still stands as the oldest building in Poland. The historical buildings of Poland have a sign in the shape of Ohio by the building's front door.
The Village of Poland was founded in 1802. Poland Seminary was originally a private secondary school, Poland Academy, and then a liberal arts college founded in 1849. Its main building has been incorporated into Poland Middle School on College Street.