Richland is a borough in Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, United States. It is part of the Lebanon, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 1,519 at the 2010 census.
Richland is located at 40°21′26″N 76°15′26″W (40.357122, -76.257187).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), all of it land.
At the 2000 census there were 1,508 people, 582 households, and 444 families residing in the borough. The population density was 965.7 people per square mile (373.2/km²). There were 602 housing units at an average density of 385.5 per square mile (149.0/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 98.21% White, 0.33% African American, 0.33% Asian, 0.33% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.60%.
There were 582 households, 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.0% were married couples living together, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.7% were non-families. 19.8% of households were made up of individuals, and 10.5% were one person aged 65 or older.