Olyphant is a borough in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania, United States. It is 6 miles (10 km) northeast of downtown Scranton, on the Lackawanna River in the heart of the anthracite region of the state. Its main source of employment was the mining and shipping of coal. Other industries of the past were the manufacturing of blasting powder, iron and steel goods, cigars, and silks. Olyphant experienced a severe downturn in the 1950s. There was once a thriving garment industry with numerous dress factories in the downtown area. There was also a slaughterhouse. Until recently, the biggest industry was the manufacture of compact discs (CD) and digital video discs (DVD). The population was 5,151 at the 2010 census.
Olyphant is located at 41°27′45″N 75°35′44″W (41.462630, -75.595617).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 5.5 square miles (14 km2), of which, 5.4 square miles (14 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (1.82%) is water.