Powellton is a census-designated place (CDP) in Fayette County, West Virginia, United States. The population was 619 at the 2010 census.
The community most likely was named after Godwin H. Powell, a businessperson in the coal-mining industry.
Powellton is located at 38°6′27″N 81°19′15″W (38.107412, -81.320872).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 5.4 square miles (13.9 km2), all of it land. Armstrong Creek and its tributary the Powellton Fork flow through Powellton.
At the 2000 census there were 1,796 people, 697 households, and 515 families living in the CDP. The population density was 50.5 people per square mile (19.5/km2). There were 781 housing units at an average density of 22.0/sq mi (8.5/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 88.08% White, 9.35% African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.17% Asian, and 2.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.39%.
Of the 697 households 26.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.1% were non-families. 21.8% of households were one person and 10.9% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 2.97.
The age distribution was 21.7% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 26.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% 65 or older. The median age was 40 years.