Marlton is a census-designated place (CDP) located within Evesham Township, in Burlington County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, Marlton's population was 10,133.
Marlton was founded by Welsh and English farmers beginning in 1676. The name Marlton first appeared in the early 19th century. The name is derived from marl clay, which is commonly found in the local soil. The discovery of the marl content helped local business and farmers, and caused the first "building boom", occurring in the 1830s and 1840s. Marl continued to be excavated in Marlton until 1930, when the pits were shut down. The marl was sold locally, and shipped directly, by rail to Burlington City, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Atlantic City, for reshipping as an alternate for green manure, water treatment amendment, and semi-flowable fill.
PH-32, a Project Nike missile base from the Cold War, was located near Cherokee High School.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Marlton had a total area of 3.235 square miles (8.378 km2), including 3.227 square miles (8.357 km2) of it is land and 0.008 square miles (0.021 km2) of water (0.25%).
The 2010 United States Census counted 10,133 people, 4,126 households, and 2,653 families in the CDP. The population density was 3,140.3 inhabitants per square mile (1,212.5/km2). There were 4,343 housing units at an average density of 1,345.9 per square mile (519.7/km2). The racial makeup was 86.57% (8,772) White, 4.27% (433) Black or African American, 0.15% (15) Native American, 6.10% (618) Asian, 0.01% (1) Pacific Islander, 1.30% (132) from other races, and 1.60% (162) from two or more races.