Terrace Park is a village in Hamilton County, Ohio, United States. It is a suburban village in Greater Cincinnati. The population was 2,251 at the 2010 census.
The primary document for the history of Terrace Park is "A Place Called Terrace Park" by Ellis Rawnsley (1992).
Rawnsley notes that the earliest human inhabitants of Terrace Park may have arrived as early as 12,000 years ago—the Paleo-Indians. Although "no traces of established settlements have ever been found," flints showing evidence of these nomadic people have been found in various locations in the areas surrounding Terrace Park.
Circa approximately 1000 B.C.E., settlements appeared in Hamilton County, Ohio.
According to Rawnsley, "Two thousand or more years ago, a primitive people built, in what is now Terrace Park, one of the largest of its kind of the 295 prehistoric earthworks ever found in Hamilton County."
Mounds from the Adena Culture are found throughout a wide area which contains Terrace Park.
In January 1789, Abraham Covalt established a small fortified settlement called Covalt Station in what is now Terrace Park. The area was surrounded by Shawnee settlements, and the Shawnee were hostile towards the white settlement in their midst. Covalt Station had to be abandoned in 1792 due to continuing attacks by the Shawnee, and white settlers only returned after General "Mad Anthony" Wayne defeated the Native American Western Confederacy at the Battle of Fallen Timbers and secured the Treaty of Greenville which ceded all of southern Ohio (and other territory) to the United States. Before roads and railroads connected the village to other nearby settlements, such as Milford, most residents of Terrace Park kept cattle and chickens, and engaged in other agricultural activities for their own subsistence, and had "homesteads" as opposed to the ordered residential village of today.
Terrace Park was incorporated in 1893, and was the winter residence of the Robinson Circus until 1916.